James Abram Garfield


20th President of the United States (March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881)
Nickname: None
Vice President: Chester A. Arthur

Born: November 19, 1831, in Orange, Ohio
Died: September 19, 1881, in Elberon, New Jersey

Father: Abram Garfield
Mother: Lucretia Rudolph (1832-1918), on November 11, 1858
Children: Eliza A. Garfield (1860-1863); Harry A. Garfield (1863-1842); James R. Garfield (1865-1950); Mary Garfield (1867-1947); Irvin M. Garfield (1870-1951); Abram Garfield (1872-1958); Edward Garfield (1874-1876)

Religion: Disciples of Christ
Education: Attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College); Graduated from Williams College (1856)
Occupation: Teacher, public official
Political Party: Republican



James Garfield was the second President shot in office. Doctors tried to find the bullet with a metal detector invented by Alexander Graham Bell. But the device failed because Garfield was placed on a bed with metal springs, and no one thought to move him. He died on September 19, 1881.

James A. Garfield died from an assassin's bullet only six months after he took office.


See Also:

White House History -- James Garfield


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